It is hard to imagine that in the 21st century today, “electricity shortage”, “oil shortage”, “natural gas shortage”… These words will appear on the front pages of major media, and become the world’s people after the new crown epidemic. Headache focus problem.
The global energy crisis
In India, major thermal power plants are facing the dilemma of no coal available. Among the 135 coal-fired power plants in China, 112 have less than a week of stock left, more than 70 have less than three days, and 16 have even been cut off. India could face supply shortages for up to six months due to coal shortages and post-pandemic demand surge, Power Minister Singh said in a report.
In the UK, the fuel crisis has seriously affected people’s daily lives. According to reports, most gas stations in the UK are currently undersupplied, which is a huge shock to the UK, which has an average of nearly 600 cars per 1,000 people. There were long queues for miles in front of gas stations, people were fighting for fuel, teachers couldn’t attend classes, restaurants and stores were out of stock… The government had to start sending military personnel to help transport fuel.
In Brazil, the problem of grid collapse needs to be solved urgently. According to foreign media sources, the country’s hydropower system has collapsed, and if it does not increase its efforts to import electricity from Uruguay, Argentina and other countries, its next step may be forced to start restricting power supply.
It is clear that this energy crisis, born in Europe, is sweeping the world. According to statistics, more than 30 countries around the world have been affected, and this impact is also very clearly reflected in the capital market.
Recently, European natural gas futures rose 22%, setting a new record high; British natural gas prices once exceeded 400 pence/sam, continuing to hit a new record high; on October 5, local time, Dutch TTF natural gas futures rose sharply, and the November contract rose 22% , closed at 117.9 euros / MWh, a record high, and an increase of nearly 6 times during the year.
Looking back at China, the rise in natural gas prices also pushed up the stock prices of related concept stocks. On October 6, the oil and gas sector of the Hong Kong stock market rose against the trend as a whole. Representative companies such as PetroChina (00857) rose by more than 4%, and Sinopec (00386) rose by more than 3%.
At the same time, the increase in international oil prices also continued to expand. At 0:00 on October 6, Brent crude oil futures once rose by 2% to US$82.90 per barrel, while WTI crude oil futures once rose by 1.92% to US$79.11 per barrel, both hitting new highs.
Finally, the old-fashioned energy problem has been put on the table again. If this problem is not solved, the survival and development of human beings will encounter an unprecedented threat. However, as the so-called “crisis” and “opportunity” coexist – in this context, related concepts and solutions such as smart energy and energy Internet of Things are taking advantage of the situation and are receiving more and more attention.
Regarding what is the energy Internet of things, the industry does not have a unified concept, but we may wish to understand its essence through some derived concepts related to it.
Electric energy is a very important part of energy. In 2019, State Grid first proposed the concept of “Ubiquitous Power Internet of Things”, which became the year’s hot word.
The so-called ubiquitous power Internet of Things refers to the full application of modern information technologies and advanced communication technologies such as mobile Internet and artificial intelligence around all aspects of the power system to realize the interconnection of all things and human-computer interaction in all aspects of the power system, with comprehensive status perception and efficient information processing. , A smart service system with convenient and flexible features, including a four-layer structure of perception layer, network layer, platform layer, and application layer. Through the extensive application of big data, cloud computing, Internet of Things, mobile Internet, artificial intelligence, blockchain, edge computing and other information technologies and intelligent technologies, all resources are pooled to provide services for planning and construction, production and operation, business management, comprehensive services, new Provide sufficient and effective information and data support for the development of new business models and the construction of enterprise ecological environment.
Based on the concept of the ubiquitous power Internet of Things, we may be able to understand the energy Internet of things in this simple way—applying digital technologies such as the Internet of Things to the energy field, and through the analysis and value mining of the collected data, the entire energy system can be realized. Optimal management and efficient use of energy.
Energy Internet of Things
A closer look at the causes of the energy crisis in various countries mentioned at the beginning of the article will reveal that the reasons behind it are complicated.
For example, the nature of the oil shortage in the UK is not “oil shortage”, but “people shortage”. Due to the severe shortage of heavy-duty truck drivers responsible for delivering fuel, British gas stations cannot get enough fuel supply.
For another example, Brazil’s “electricity shortage” stems from climate problems. Brazil used to rely on hydropower for 60% of its electricity. However, because of the unusually dry weather this year, the water level in the reservoir has dropped and hydropower generation is no longer stable.
In addition, everyone should also remember the “power curtailment” incident that swept across more than 10 provinces including Jiangsu, Zhejiang, Shandong, Guangxi, Yunnan, Anhui, and Guangdong not long ago. my country’s “electricity shortage” and “double control of energy consumption” “It has a lot to do with policy goals.
But in addition to these direct causes, we can find that the root cause of the energy crisis is the mismatch between supply and demand, and the supply of energy exceeds demand, resulting in the “energy shortage” that has swept all countries. To solve this problem, it is natural to start from both the energy supply side and the energy consumption side, and this is where the energy Internet of Things comes into play.
On the energy supply side, promoting the development and utilization of renewable energy has become a coincident choice for many countries. Renewable energy refers to non-fossil energy such as wind energy, solar energy, water energy, biomass energy, geothermal energy, etc. These energy sources can be recycled in nature, inexhaustible and inexhaustible. They are clean, green, and low-carbon energy. .
Renewable energy is great, but it puts new pressures on the energy system. The transition to renewable energy means that the era of unified energy has passed, and the energy world is gradually fragmented. The future will be dominated by billions of photovoltaic panels, wind turbines, energy storage batteries, electric vehicles, An energy system consisting of a home energy management system. How to realize the synergy between this complex system is a huge challenge.
Digital technologies such as the Internet of Things will play an important role in this. On the one hand, wind power, photovoltaics, and hydropower are easier to achieve with fewer people or unattended through digital technology; on the other hand, renewable energy is more dependent on weather and climatic conditions. Demand, application, energy storage system, and user energy consumption habits can be better combined.
In terms of energy consumption, industrial enterprises are the most important energy users. According to statistics, China’s industrial energy consumption accounts for more than 70% of the total energy consumption of the whole society. The phenomenon of energy waste is common in many enterprises.
It’s not that companies don’t want to take measures to save energy and reduce emissions. The main reason is that they often don’t know where to start. The data connection of the factory energy supply network is quite insufficient, and even some industrial energy supply network monitoring is in a blank state. Status data such as pipe network pressure, temperature, and electrical parameters such as voltage, current, power, switch, fault, etc. are mostly not effectively connected, especially the energy supply facilities and their environmental status parameters that are not directly related to production. In the state of lack of connection, it is impossible to carry out comprehensive energy consumption and energy efficiency monitoring, energy assessment, and intelligent and refined energy supply system management and maintenance.
In addition, various infrastructures such as airports, highways, water supply, irrigation and drainage, and municipal facilities are also major energy users, and the data connection of their energy consumption systems is also not optimistic. Energy IoT will help companies identify problems through data collection and analysis and find improvements.
Enterprises have entered the energy Internet of Things
Because it is related to the sustainable development of human beings, the future prospects of the energy Internet of things are infinite, which has also attracted many giants and start-ups to enter the game. The chairman of SPIC even said bluntly: In the future, China will have a BAT-level giant in the field of smart energy.
This article also summarizes some smart energy solutions for enterprises:
EnOS? Energy IoT Operating System
Envision Intelligence is a low-carbon and AIoT technology company under Envision Group. The intelligent IoT operating system EnOS developed by it has become the world’s largest IoT platform in the field of new energy. 12 offices have been set up in Germany, the United Kingdom, Japan, the United States and other countries and regions, serving more than 300 first-class companies and institutions around the world, and accelerating the global zero-carbon and digital transformation.
Currently, EnOS connects more than 180 GW of energy terminals and 63 million smart devices around the world. Through intelligent software solutions and services, intelligent empowerment of power generation, buildings, parks, transportation, cities and other scenarios, promote the reduction of collaborative costs from the power production side to the consumption side.
Tiangong Energy Internet of Things Solutions
Tiangong Energy IoT solution is an overall solution for the energy industry that integrates Baidu Smart Cloud ABC technology and IoT technology.
The energy IoT solution consists of three parts: energy side access, Tiangong IoT platform and energy application; energy information is collected through IoT technology; energy information is collected, stored, analyzed and processed through Tiangong IoT platform; Deliver the service to the end user. Energy application focuses on the power demand side, mainly covering three parts: electricity sales application, energy consumption application, energy efficiency application, and application customization tools.
Trina Energy Internet of Things “TrinaIoT”
Focusing on global sustainable development, Trina Solar is committed to promoting affordable photovoltaic grid access and popularizing green energy, providing solutions ranging from photovoltaic products to smart energy. Up to now, the company’s cumulative module shipments have exceeded 70 GW. Trina Solar deploys the downstream ecological chain globally, providing customers with one-stop system integration solutions such as development, financing, design, construction, operation and maintenance. The company’s global projects have accumulated more than 3 GW of grid connection.
In 2018, Trina Solar took the lead in releasing the “TrinaIoT” brand of Trina Solar’s Internet of Things, with the mission of helping enterprises achieve digital operation and improving management efficiency. Internet big data technology, modularized and flexible combination of self-developed PaaS platform and rich SaaS applications, provides energy IoT and industrial and commercial IoT solutions for customers in different fields, and is committed to becoming a first-class overall solution for smart IoT applications service provider.
It is conceivable that in the next few years, the energy industry will become smarter, more efficient, more decentralized and more reliable thanks to the Internet of Things.